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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(5), 492; doi:10.3390/ijerph13050492

A Primrose Path? Moderating Effects of Age and Gender in the Association between Green Space and Mental Health

1
Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands
2
Geoservice, Centre for Information Technology, University of Groningen, Groningen 9747 AJ, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 25 April 2016 / Revised: 25 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 11 May 2016
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Abstract

This paper explored whether the association between green space and mental health is moderated by age and gender. Questionnaires on psychopathology and quality of life were filled out by 4924 individuals from the general Dutch population and regressed on greenness levels. Green space was associated with better mental health, but only in specific age and gender groups, and only in a 3 km, not a 1 km buffer. The moderating effects of age and gender may be explained by whether or not people have the opportunity to make use of their green living environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: green environment; depression; anxiety; stress; quality of life green environment; depression; anxiety; stress; quality of life
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bos, E.H.; van der Meulen, L.; Wichers, M.; Jeronimus, B.F. A Primrose Path? Moderating Effects of Age and Gender in the Association between Green Space and Mental Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 492.

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