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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(5), 487; doi:10.3390/ijerph13050487

A Combination of Geographically Weighted Regression, Particle Swarm Optimization and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: A Case Study at Wanzhou in the Three Gorges Area, China

1,2,†
,
2,†,* , 2
and
1
1
Faculty of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Institute of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-pin Lin
Received: 23 February 2016 / Revised: 26 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 11 May 2016

Abstract

In this study, a novel coupling model for landslide susceptibility mapping is presented. In practice, environmental factors may have different impacts at a local scale in study areas. To provide better predictions, a geographically weighted regression (GWR) technique is firstly used in our method to segment study areas into a series of prediction regions with appropriate sizes. Meanwhile, a support vector machine (SVM) classifier is exploited in each prediction region for landslide susceptibility mapping. To further improve the prediction performance, the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is used in the prediction regions to obtain optimal parameters for the SVM classifier. To evaluate the prediction performance of our model, several SVM-based prediction models are utilized for comparison on a study area of the Wanzhou district in the Three Gorges Reservoir. Experimental results, based on three objective quantitative measures and visual qualitative evaluation, indicate that our model can achieve better prediction accuracies and is more effective for landslide susceptibility mapping. For instance, our model can achieve an overall prediction accuracy of 91.10%, which is 7.8%–19.1% higher than the traditional SVM-based models. In addition, the obtained landslide susceptibility map by our model can demonstrate an intensive correlation between the classified very high-susceptibility zone and the previously investigated landslides. View Full-Text
Keywords: landslide susceptibility mapping; geographically weighted regression; support vector machine; particle swarm optimization; Three Gorges Reservoir landslide susceptibility mapping; geographically weighted regression; support vector machine; particle swarm optimization; Three Gorges Reservoir
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, X.; Wang, Y.; Niu, R.; Hu, Y. A Combination of Geographically Weighted Regression, Particle Swarm Optimization and Support Vector Machine for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: A Case Study at Wanzhou in the Three Gorges Area, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 487.

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