Next Article in Journal
Protective Action of Carica papaya on β-Cells in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Next Article in Special Issue
Occupational Stress: Preventing Suffering, Enhancing Wellbeing
Previous Article in Journal
Primary Care Physicians’ Beliefs and Practices Regarding E-Cigarette Use by Patients Who Smoke: A Qualitative Assessment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Associations of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Components of Work Stress with Health: A Systematic Review of Evidence on the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(5), 448; doi:10.3390/ijerph13050448

Predictors of Workplace Bullying and Cyber-Bullying in New Zealand

1
School of Psychology, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand
2
School of Psychology, University of Waikato, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
3
School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
4
School of Management, Massey University, Palmerston North 0745, New Zealand
5
School of Management, RMIT University, Melbourne 3001, Australia
6
Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Queensland 4111, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cary Cooper
Received: 8 March 2016 / Revised: 3 April 2016 / Accepted: 15 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress, Human Health and Wellbeing)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [297 KB, uploaded 27 April 2016]

Abstract

Background: The negative effects of in-person workplace bullying (WB) are well established. Less is known about cyber-bullying (CB), in which negative behaviours are mediated by technology. Drawing on the conservation of resources theory, the current research examined how individual and organisational factors were related to WB and CB at two time points three months apart. Methods: Data were collected by means of an online self-report survey. Eight hundred and twenty-six respondents (58% female, 42% male) provided data at both time points. Results: One hundred and twenty-three (15%) of participants had been bullied and 23 (2.8%) of participants had been cyber-bullied within the last six months. Women reported more WB, but not more CB, than men. Worse physical health, higher strain, more destructive leadership, more team conflict and less effective organisational strategies were associated with more WB. Managerial employees experienced more CB than non-managerial employees. Poor physical health, less organisational support and less effective organisational strategies were associated with more CB. Conclusion: Rates of CB were lower than those of WB, and very few participants reported experiencing CB without also experiencing WB. Both forms of bullying were associated with poorer work environments, indicating that, where bullying is occurring, the focus should be on organisational systems and processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: conservation of resources; bullying; cyber-bullying conservation of resources; bullying; cyber-bullying
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gardner, D.; O’Driscoll, M.; Cooper-Thomas, H.D.; Roche, M.; Bentley, T.; Catley, B.; Teo, S.T.T.; Trenberth, L. Predictors of Workplace Bullying and Cyber-Bullying in New Zealand. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 448.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top