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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(4), 383; doi:10.3390/ijerph13040383

Changes in Cosmetics Use during Pregnancy and Risk Perception by Women

1
EA 4681, PEPRADE (Périnatalité, Grossesse, Environnement, PRAtiques médicales et Developement), University of Auvergne, 28 Place Henri-Dunant BP 38, Clermont-Ferrand 63001, France
2
Department of Public Health and Environment, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Auvergne, 28 Place Henri-Dunant BP 38, Clermont-Ferrand 63001, France
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital Center, 58 Rue Montalembert, Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1 63003, France
4
AUDIPOG (Association des Utilisateurs de Dossiers informatisés en Pédiatrie, Obstétrique et Gynécologie), RTH Laennec Medical University, 7 Rue Guillaume Paradin, Lyon Cedex 08 69372, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 February 2016 / Revised: 22 March 2016 / Accepted: 23 March 2016 / Published: 30 March 2016
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Abstract

Cosmetic products contain various chemical substances that may be potential carcinogen and endocrine disruptors. Women’s changes in cosmetics use during pregnancy and their risk perception of these products have not been extensively investigated. The main objective of this study was to describe the proportion of pregnant women changing cosmetics use and the proportion of non-pregnant women intending to do so if they became pregnant. The secondary objectives were to compare, among the pregnant women, the proportions of those using cosmetics before and during pregnancy, and to describe among pregnant and non-pregnant women, the risk perception of these products. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a gynaecology clinic and four community pharmacies. One hundred and twenty-eight women (60 non-pregnant and 68 pregnant women) replied to a self-administered questionnaire. Cosmetics use was identified for 28 products. The results showed that few women intended to change or had changed cosmetics use during pregnancy. Nail polish was used by fewer pregnant women compared to the period before pregnancy (p < 0.05). Fifty-five percent of the women considered cosmetics use as a risk during pregnancy and 65% would have appreciated advice about these products. Our findings indicate that all perinatal health professionals should be ready to advise women about the benefits and risks of using cosmetics during pregnancy. View Full-Text
Keywords: cosmetics; personal care products; pregnancy; risk perception; health education; endocrine disruptors cosmetics; personal care products; pregnancy; risk perception; health education; endocrine disruptors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marie, C.; Cabut, S.; Vendittelli, F.; Sauvant-Rochat, M.-P. Changes in Cosmetics Use during Pregnancy and Risk Perception by Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 383.

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