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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1176;

A Robot-Based Tool for Physical and Cognitive Rehabilitation of Elderly People Using Biofeedback

eVida/DeustoTech-LIFE Lab., University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marcia G. Ory and Matthew Lee Smith
Received: 14 September 2016 / Revised: 9 November 2016 / Accepted: 16 November 2016 / Published: 24 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging and Health Promotion)
Full-Text   |   PDF [4054 KB, uploaded 24 November 2016]   |  


This publication presents a complete description of a technological solution system for the physical and cognitive rehabilitation of elderly people through a biofeedback system, which is combined with a Lego robot. The technology used was the iOS’s (iPhone Operating System) Objective-C programming language and its XCode programming environment; and SQLite in order to create the database. The biofeedback system is implemented by the use of two biosensors which are, in fact, a Microsoft band 2 in order to register the user’s heart rate and a MYO sensor to detect the user’s arm movement. Finally, the system was tested with seven elderly people from La Santa y Real Casa de la Misericordia nursing home in Bilbao. The statistical assessment has shown that the users are satisfied with the usability of the system, with a mean score of 79.29 on the System Usability Scale (SUS) questionnaire. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensors; biofeedback; serious games; Bluetooth LE sensors; biofeedback; serious games; Bluetooth LE

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lopez-Samaniego, L.; Garcia-Zapirain, B. A Robot-Based Tool for Physical and Cognitive Rehabilitation of Elderly People Using Biofeedback. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1176.

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