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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1164; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111164

Sociocultural Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Adult Latinas: A Longitudinal Study of a Community-Based Sample

1
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2
Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
3
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
4
School of Social Work, Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
5
New York University School of Medicine, New York University, 215 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10017, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ronald L. Braithwaite and Selina A. Smith
Received: 22 September 2016 / Revised: 11 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 23 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural Determinants of HIV, Substance Abuse and Addiction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [343 KB, uploaded 23 November 2016]

Abstract

Few studies have examined the sociocultural determinants of risky sexual behavior trajectories among adult Latinas. To longitudinally examine the link between sociocultural determinants of risky sexual behaviors, we followed a sample of adult Latina mother-daughter dyads (n = 267) across a 10-year span through four waves of data collection. The present study investigates how risky sexual behavior (operationalized as sex under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, sex without a condom, or multiple sex partners) is affected by: (a) socioeconomic conditions; (b) mental health; (c) medical health; (d) acculturation to U.S. culture; (e) interpersonal support; (f) relationship stress; (g) mother-daughter attachment; (h) intimate partner violence; (i) religious involvement; and (j) criminal justice involvement. Results indicate the following factors are negatively associated with risky sexual behavior: drug and alcohol use, treating a physical problem with prescription drugs, religious involvement, and mother–daughter attachment. The following factors are positively associated with risky sexual behavior: higher number of mental health symptoms, being U.S.-born, and criminal justice involvement. We discuss implications for the future development of culturally relevant interventions based on the study findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: risky sexual behavior; sociocultural determinants; mothers and daughters; HIV; Latinos; Hispanics; community; women; alcohol; drugs risky sexual behavior; sociocultural determinants; mothers and daughters; HIV; Latinos; Hispanics; community; women; alcohol; drugs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rojas, P.; Huang, H.; Li, T.; Ravelo, G.J.; Sanchez, M.; Dawson, C.; Brook, J.; Kanamori, M.; De La Rosa, M. Sociocultural Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Adult Latinas: A Longitudinal Study of a Community-Based Sample. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1164.

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