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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1155; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111155

Determinants, Health Problems, and Food Insecurity in Urban Areas of the Largest City in Cape Verde

1
Unidade de Saúde Pública e Bioestatística and Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa 1349-008, Portugal
2
Unidade de Saúde Pública e Bioestatística, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa 1349-008, Portugal
3
Departamento de Engenharia Cívil, Arquitetura e Georecursos, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa 1049-001, Portugal
4
Instituto Nacional de Saúde Pública, Ministério da Saúde, Praia 719, Cabo Verde
5
Direção Nacional da Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Praia 47, Cabo Verde
6
Comité de Coordenação Combate à Sida, CCS-SIDA, Ministério da Saúde, Praia 855, Cabo Verde
7
Centro de Estatística e Aplicações da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa 1749-016, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason Corburn
Received: 5 August 2016 / Revised: 5 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 22 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Place and Health Equity)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [297 KB, uploaded 22 November 2016]

Abstract

Urbanization processes are intertwined with nutritional transition because there is easier access to food of low nutritional quality at reduced prices, changing dietary patterns and leading to an increase of non-communicable chronic diseases. This study aims to understand the perceptions for high blood pressure, obesity, and alcoholism, describing some interactions of these dimensions in the problem of food security in the city of Praia. A qualitative study was carried out under the framework of the research project “UPHI-STAT: Urban Planning and Health Inequalities—moving from macro to micro statistics”. Ten focus groups were conducted in three urban areas with distinct characteristics in the city of Praia, with a total of 48 participants. Participants reported frequent consumption of foods with poor nutritional quality, understanding the potential danger in terms of food security in the city of Praia. Easy access to and high levels of alcohol consumption, and poor quality of traditional drinks were mentioned by participants in the study areas. The impact of the economic situation on the possibility of access to safe and healthy options emerged as a differentiating factor. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; urban health; social determinants; Africa food security; urban health; social determinants; Africa
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Craveiro, I.; Alves, D.; Amado, M.; Santos, Z.; Fortes, A.T.; Delgado, A.P.; Correia, A.; Gonçalves, L. Determinants, Health Problems, and Food Insecurity in Urban Areas of the Largest City in Cape Verde. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1155.

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