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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1086; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111086

Psychometric Properties of a 36-Item Version of the “Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool”

1
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat, 5-40126 Bologna, Italy
2
School of Psychology and Education, University of Bologna, Piazza Aldo Moro, 90-47521 Cesena (FC), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Mawson
Received: 29 September 2016 / Revised: 20 October 2016 / Accepted: 26 October 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
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Abstract

The development of supervisors’ behaviours has been proposed as an innovative approach for the reduction of employees’ work stress. The UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE) developed the “Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool” (SMCIT), designed to be used within a learning and development intervention. However, its psychometric properties have never been evaluated, and the length of the questionnaire (66 items) limits its practical applicability. We developed a brief 36-item version of the questionnaire, assessed its psychometric properties and studied the relationship with the employees’ psychosocial work environment. 353 employees filled in the brief SMCIT and the “Stress Management Indicator Tool”. The latter is a self-report questionnaire developed by the UK HSE, measuring workers’ perceptions of seven dimensions of the psychosocial work environment that if not properly managed can lead to harm. Data were analysed with structural equation modelling and multiple regressions. The results confirmed the factorial structure of the brief SMCIT questionnaire and mainly supported the convergent validity and internal consistency of the scales. Furthermore, with few exceptions, the relations hypothesized between supervisors’ competencies and the psychosocial work environment were confirmed, supporting the criterion validity of the revised questionnaire and the UK HSE framework. We conclude that the brief 36-item version of the SMCIT represents an important step toward the development of interventions directed at supervisors and we discuss the practical implications for work stress prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: work related stress; Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool; supervisors’ behaviours; psychometric properties; Stress Management Indicator Tool; Management Standards work related stress; Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool; supervisors’ behaviours; psychometric properties; Stress Management Indicator Tool; Management Standards
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Toderi, S.; Sarchielli, G. Psychometric Properties of a 36-Item Version of the “Stress Management Competency Indicator Tool”. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1086.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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