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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1071; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111071

Evaluating the Governing Factors of Variability in Nocturnal Boundary Layer Height Based on Elastic Lidar in Wuhan

1
,
1,2,3,* , 1,3,4
,
1
and
1,5
1
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing (LIESMARS), Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center for Geospatial Technology, Wuhan 430079, China
4
Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for High-Efficiency Utilization of Solar Energy, Wuhan 430068, China
5
School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, 299, Bayi Road, Wuhan 430071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jamal Jokar Arsanjani
Received: 3 June 2016 / Revised: 13 October 2016 / Accepted: 25 October 2016 / Published: 1 November 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1787 KB, uploaded 1 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

The atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), an atmospheric region near the Earth’s surface, is affected by surface forcing and is important for studying air quality, climate, and weather forecasts. In this study, long-term urban nocturnal boundary layers (NBLs) were estimated by an elastic backscatter light detection and ranging (LiDAR) with various methods in Wuhan (30.5° N, 114.4° E), a city in Central China. This study aims to explore two ABL research topics: (1) the relationship between NBL height (NBLH) and near-surface parameters (e.g., sensible heat flux, temperature, wind speed, and relative humidity) to elucidate meteorological processes governing NBL variability; and (2) the influence of NBLH variations in surface particulate matter (PM) in Wuhan. We analyzed the nocturnal ABL-dilution/ABL-accumulation effect on surface particle concentration by using a typical case. A long-term analysis was then performed from 5 December 2012–17 June 2016. Results reveal that the seasonal averages of nocturnal (from 20:00 to 05:00 next day, Chinese standard time) NBLHs are 386 ± 161 m in spring, 473 ± 154 m in summer, 383 ± 137 m in autumn, and 309 ± 94 m in winter. The seasonal variations in NBLH, AOD, and PM2.5 display a deep (shallow) seasonal mean NBL, consistent with a small (larger) seasonal mean PM2.5 near the surface. Seasonal variability of NBLH is partly linearly correlated with sensible heat flux at the surface (R = 0.72). Linear regression analyses between NBLH and other parameters show the following: (1) the positive correlation (R = 0.68) between NBLH and surface temperature indicates high (low) NBLH corresponding to warm (cool) conditions; (2) the slight positive correlation (R = 0.52) between NBLH and surface relative humidity in Wuhan; and (3) the weak positive correlation (R = 0.38) between NBLH and wind speed inside the NBL may imply that the latter is not an important direct driver that governs the seasonal variability of NBLH. View Full-Text
Keywords: LiDAR; atmosphere; boundary layer; sensible heat flux; particle matter LiDAR; atmosphere; boundary layer; sensible heat flux; particle matter
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Wang, W.; Mao, F.; Gong, W.; Pan, Z.; Du, L. Evaluating the Governing Factors of Variability in Nocturnal Boundary Layer Height Based on Elastic Lidar in Wuhan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1071.

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