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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1058; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111058

Ferritin Level Is Positively Associated with Chronic Kidney Disease in Korean Men, Based on the 2010–2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

1
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk 28644, Korea
2
Department of Family Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Chungbuk 28644, Korea
4
Department of Family Medicine, Yongin Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Yongin 17046, Korea
5
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, College of Life Science, CHA University, Seongnam-si 13488, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 28 August 2016 / Revised: 21 October 2016 / Accepted: 24 October 2016 / Published: 29 October 2016
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Abstract

(1) Background: Oxidative stress and inflammation are associated with higher risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Serum ferritin concentrations correlate with total iron levels and systemic inflammation. (2) Methods: This study was cross-sectionally designed, based on the 2010–2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). According to ferritin values, 13,462 participants (6082 men and 7380 women) were categorized into the normal- and high-ferritin groups (cut-off points: 200 ng/mL in men, 150 ng/mL in women). (3) Results: The mean ages of men and women were 44.5 and 48.4 years, respectively. The percentage of participants categorized into the high-ferritin group was 15.1% for men and 3.6% for women. The estimated glomerular filtration rate levels in the normal- and high-ferritin groups were 93.2 and 93.8 mL/min/1.73 m2 for men and 97.1 and 87.7 mL/min/1.73 m2 for women, respectively. The prevalence of CKD in the normal- and high-ferritin groups was 2.6% and 3.9% for men and 3.2% and 8.1% for women, respectively. Compared with the normal-ferritin group, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for CKD of the high-ferritin group were 1.573 (1.014–2.441) in men and 1.061 (0.381–2.955) in women, after adjustments for age and other covariates. (4) Conclusions: High ferritin levels were associated with a higher risk of CKD in men but not in women. View Full-Text
Keywords: ferritin; oxidative stress; inflammation; chronic kidney disease; iron ferritin; oxidative stress; inflammation; chronic kidney disease; iron
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, H.-T.; Linton, J.A.; Kwon, S.K.; Park, B.-J.; Lee, J.H. Ferritin Level Is Positively Associated with Chronic Kidney Disease in Korean Men, Based on the 2010–2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1058.

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