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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1045; doi:10.3390/ijerph13111045

DALY-Based Health Risk Assessment of Construction Noise in Beijing, China

School of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
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Academic Editor: Peter Lercher
Received: 20 July 2016 / Revised: 9 October 2016 / Accepted: 19 October 2016 / Published: 26 October 2016
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Abstract

Noise produced by construction activities has become the second most serious acoustic polluting element in China. To provide industry practitioners with a better understanding of the health risks of construction noise and to aid in creating environmentally friendly construction plans during early construction stages, we developed a quantitative model to assess the health impairment risks (HIA) associated with construction noise for individuals living adjacent to construction sites. This model classifies noise-induced health impairments into four categories: cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, and annoyance, and uses disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as an indicator of damage. Furthermore, the value of a statistical life (VSL) is used to transform DALYs into a monetary value based on the affected demographic characteristics, thereby offering policy makers a reliable theoretical foundation for establishing reasonable standards to compensate residents suffering from construction noise. A practical earthwork project in Beijing is used as a case study to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed model. The results indicate that construction noise could bring significant health risks to the neighboring resident community, with an estimated 34.51 DALYs of health damage and 20.47 million yuan in social costs. In particular, people aged 45–54 are most vulnerable to construction noise, with the greatest health risks being caused by sleep disturbance. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction noise; disability-adjusted life years; social cost; health risk construction noise; disability-adjusted life years; social cost; health risk
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xiao, J.; Li, X.; Zhang, Z. DALY-Based Health Risk Assessment of Construction Noise in Beijing, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1045.

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