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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(10), 956; doi:10.3390/ijerph13100956

The Built Environment—A Missing “Cause of the Causes” of Non-Communicable Diseases

1
Building Code Consultants Ltd., P.O. Box 99613, Newmarket, Auckland 1149, New Zealand
2
School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
3
Urban Planning and Environmental Services, MWH Stantec, Level 3, 111 Carlton Gore Road, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 23 August 2016 / Revised: 19 September 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 27 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [306 KB, uploaded 12 October 2016]

Abstract

The United Nations “25 × 25 Strategy” of decreasing non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, by 25% by 2025 does not appear to take into account all causes of NCDs. Its focus is on a few diseases, which are often linked with life-style factors with “voluntary” “modifiable behavioral risk factors” causes tending towards an over-simplification of the issues. We propose to add some aspects of our built environment related to hazardous building materials, and detailed form of the construction of infrastructure and buildings, which we think are some of the missing causes of NCDs. Some of these could be termed “involuntary causes”, as they relate to factors that are beyond the control of the general public. View Full-Text
Keywords: United Nations 25 × 25 Strategy; non-communicable diseases (NCDs); built environment; hazardous building materials; involuntary causes; global NCD burden; missing NCDs; missing causes; environmental factors; sick building syndrome United Nations 25 × 25 Strategy; non-communicable diseases (NCDs); built environment; hazardous building materials; involuntary causes; global NCD burden; missing NCDs; missing causes; environmental factors; sick building syndrome
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Walls, K.L.; Boulic, M.; Boddy, J.W.D. The Built Environment—A Missing “Cause of the Causes” of Non-Communicable Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 956.

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