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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 78; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010078

Discontinuous and Continuous Indoor Air Quality Monitoring in Homes with Fireplaces or Wood Stoves as Heating System

1
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro—Via Orabona 4, Bari 70126, Italy
2
Apulia Regional Agency for Environmental Prevention and Protection—Corso Trieste 27, Bari 70126, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kim Natasha Dirks
Received: 23 October 2015 / Revised: 14 December 2015 / Accepted: 17 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
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Abstract

Around 50% of the world’s population, particularly in developing countries, uses biomass as one of the most common fuels. Biomass combustion releases a considerable amount of various incomplete combustion products, including particulate matter (PM) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The paper presents the results of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) measurements in six houses equipped with wood burning stoves or fireplaces as heating systems. The houses were monitored for 48-h periods in order to collect PM10 samples and measure PAH concentrations. The average, the maximum and the lowest values of the 12-h PM10 concentration were 68.6 μg/m3, 350.7 μg/m3 and 16.8 μg/m3 respectively. The average benzo[a]pyrene 12-h concentration was 9.4 ng/m3, while the maximum and the minimum values were 24.0 ng/m3 and 1.5 ng/m3, respectively. Continuous monitoring of PM10, PAHs, Ultra Fine Particle (UFP) and Total Volatile Organic Compounds (TVOC) was performed in order to study the progress of pollution phenomena due to biomass burning, their trends and contributions to IAQ. The results show a great heterogeneity of impacts on IAQ in terms of magnitude and behavior of the considered pollutants’ concentrations. This variability is determined by not only different combustion technologies or biomass quality, but overall by different ignition mode, feeding and flame management, which can also be different for the same house. Moreover, room dimensions and ventilation were significant factors for pollution dispersion. The increase of PM10, UFP and PAH concentrations, during lighting, was always detected and relevant. Continuous monitoring allowed singling out contributions of other domestic sources of considered pollutants such as cooking and cigarettes. Cooking contribution produced an impact on IAQ in same cases higher than that of the biomass heating system. View Full-Text
Keywords: fireplace; stove; wood combustion; indoor air quality; ultrafine particles fireplace; stove; wood combustion; indoor air quality; ultrafine particles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Gennaro, G.; Dambruoso, P.R.; Di Gilio, A.; Di Palma, V.; Marzocca, A.; Tutino, M. Discontinuous and Continuous Indoor Air Quality Monitoring in Homes with Fireplaces or Wood Stoves as Heating System. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 78.

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