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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 72; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010072

Effects of Co-Worker and Supervisor Support on Job Stress and Presenteeism in an Aging Workforce: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach

1
Department of Organization and Human Resource Management, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology (IBE), Pettenkofer School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Munich 81377, Germany
3
Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
4
Human Resources Department, Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, Guangzhou 511442, China
5
Department of Public Administration, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
6
Medical Affair Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100032, China
7
Department of Public Health, Medical College, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
8
Biostatistics Core Laboratory, Molecular Medicine Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cary Cooper
Received: 25 October 2015 / Revised: 11 December 2015 / Accepted: 18 December 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress, Human Health and Wellbeing)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [574 KB, uploaded 23 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

We examined the effects of co-worker and supervisor support on job stress and presenteeism in an aging workforce. Structural equation modelling was used to evaluate data from the 2010 wave of the Health and Retirement Survey in the United States (n = 1649). The level of presenteeism was low and the level of job stress was moderate among aging US workers. SEM revealed that co-worker support and supervisor support were strongly correlated (β = 0.67; p < 0.001). Job stress had a significant direct positive effect on presenteeism (β = 0.30; p < 0.001). Co-worker support had a significant direct negative effect on job stress (β = −0.10; p < 0.001) and presenteeism (β = −0.11; p < 0.001). Supervisor support had a significant direct negative effect on job stress (β = −0.40; p < 0.001) but not presenteeism. The findings suggest that presenteeism is reduced by increased respect and concern for employee stress at the workplace, by necessary support at work from colleagues and employers, and by the presence of comfortable interpersonal relationships among colleagues and between employers and employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-worker support; supervisor support; job stress; presenteeism; structural equation modelling co-worker support; supervisor support; job stress; presenteeism; structural equation modelling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, T.; Shen, Y.-M.; Zhu, M.; Liu, Y.; Deng, J.; Chen, Q.; See, L.-C. Effects of Co-Worker and Supervisor Support on Job Stress and Presenteeism in an Aging Workforce: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 72.

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