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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 44; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010044

Local Health Departments’ Activities to Address Health Disparities and Inequities: Are We Moving in the Right Direction?

Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30460, USA
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Academic Editors: Mark Edberg, Barbara E. Hayes, Valerie Montgomery Rice and Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 15 August 2015 / Revised: 12 November 2015 / Accepted: 13 November 2015 / Published: 23 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [212 KB, uploaded 23 December 2015]

Abstract

Context: Health disparities are among the critical public health challenges. Objectives: To analyze the extent to which local health departments (LHDs) perform activities for addressing health disparities, changes in proportion of LHDs’ performing those activities since 2005, and factors associated with variation in such engagement. Methods: We used the 2013 National Profile of LHDs Survey to perform Logistic Regression of activities LHDs performed to address health disparities. Results: About 20 percent of LHDs did not perform any activity to address health disparities. Significant decreases occurred since 2005 in the proportion of LHDs that performed health disparity reduction/elimination activities for four activities. LHD characteristics significantly associated (p≤0.05) with the increased likelihood of performing activities to address health disparities were: recent completion of community health assessment, community health improvement plan and agency wide strategic plan. Other significant positive impacts on such activities included per capita expenditures, local governance, having one or more local boards of health, larger population size and metropolitan status of the LHD jurisdiction. Conclusions: Reduced infrastructural capacity of LHDs has resulted in fewer LHDs addressing health disparities in their jurisdictions. LHD characteristics associated with higher performance of activities for health disparity reduction identified by this research have important policy implications. View Full-Text
Keywords: health disparities; community health assessment; community health improvement plan; strategic planning; local health departments; health inequities health disparities; community health assessment; community health improvement plan; strategic planning; local health departments; health inequities
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shah, G.H.; Sheahan, J.P. Local Health Departments’ Activities to Address Health Disparities and Inequities: Are We Moving in the Right Direction? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 44.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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