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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 40; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010040

Minority College Women’s Views on Condom Negotiation

Department of Community & Family Medicine, Howard University College of Medicine, 520 W Street, NW, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Department of Psychology, Medgar Evers College, 1650 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11235, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark Edberg, Barbara E. Hayes, Valerie Montgomery Rice and Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 16 August 2015 / Revised: 15 October 2015 / Accepted: 19 October 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [209 KB, uploaded 23 December 2015]


This study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods to (1) investigate the relationship between frequency of condom use and negotiation strategies and (2) evaluate experiences with condom negotiations among sexually active, heterosexual, African American college women. One hundred female students from a Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) completed a questionnaire that included the Condom Influence Strategies Scale (CIS) and participated in a focus group. An ANOVA was conducted to compare differences between never, inconsistent, and consistent condom users. Consistent condom users scored higher than never users on the “withholding sex” subscale of the CIS (4.88 vs. 3.55; p < 0.001) as well as endorsed items more strongly on the “direct request” subscale of the CIS (4.63 vs. 3.82, p < 0.05) than never users. A thematic analysis of open discussions identified overarching themes. Similarly, refusing sex and/or having direct communications with partner emerged as primary strategies. Threats to negotiation included deciding the “right timing” of discussion and having a previous history of sexual intercourse without a condom with their partner. Other key concepts that contribute to condom negotiation are the views that condoms are a male’s responsibility and stigma of women who carry condoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: minority college women; condom use; sexually transmitted infections; sexual behavior; negotiation strategies minority college women; condom use; sexually transmitted infections; sexual behavior; negotiation strategies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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McLaurin-Jones, T.; Lashley, M.-B.; Marshall, V. Minority College Women’s Views on Condom Negotiation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 40.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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