Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Characterizing the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States and China
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Harnessing Data to Assess Equity of Care by Race, Ethnicity and Language
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(1), 12; doi:10.3390/ijerph13010012

PVT1 Exon 9: A Potential Biomarker of Aggressive Prostate Cancer?

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Hunter College, The City University of New York, New York, NY 10065, USA
2
Department of Urology, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, New York, NY 11203, USA
3
Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
4
Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mark Edberg, Barbara E. Hayes, Valerie Montgomery Rice and Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 12 August 2015 / Revised: 29 October 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2401 KB, uploaded 22 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer as well as the greatest source of cancer-related mortality in males of African ancestry (MoAA). Interestingly, this has been shown to be associated with single nucleotide polymorphisms around regions 2 and 3 of the 8q24 human chromosomal region. The non-protein coding gene locus Plasmacytoma Variant Translocation 1 (PVT1) is located at 8q24 and is overexpressed in PCa and, therefore, is also a candidate biomarker to explain the well-known disparity in this group. PVT1 has at least 12 exons that make separate transcripts which may have different functions, all of which are at present unknown in PCa. Our aim was to determine if any PVT1 transcripts play a role in aggressiveness and racial disparity in PCa. We used a panel of seven PCa cell lines including three derived from MoAA. Ribonucleic acid extraction, complementary deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were performed to evaluate expression of all 12 PVT1 exons. Each qPCR was performed in quadruplicates. At least four separate qPCR experiments were performed. Expression of PVT1 exons was inconsistent except for exon 9. There was no significant difference in exon 9 expression between cell lines derived from Caucasian males (CM), and an indolent cell line derived from MoAA. However, exon 9 expression in the aggressive MDA PCa 2b and E006AA-hT cell lines derived from MoAA was significantly higher than in other cell lines. Consequently, we observed differential expression of exon 9 of PVT1 in a manner that suggests that PVT1 exon 9 may be associated with aggressive PCa in MoAA. View Full-Text
Keywords: PVT1 exon 9; prostate cancer; disparity; biomarker; males of African ancestry PVT1 exon 9; prostate cancer; disparity; biomarker; males of African ancestry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ilboudo, A.; Chouhan, J.; McNeil, B.K.; Osborne, J.R.; Ogunwobi, O.O. PVT1 Exon 9: A Potential Biomarker of Aggressive Prostate Cancer? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 12.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top