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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9536-9541; doi:10.3390/ijerph120809536

Readiness Visual Analog Scale: A Simple Way to Predict Post-Stroke Smoking Behavior

1
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, 02-957 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, 9 Sobieskiego St., 02-957 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Neurology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, 02-957 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Psychiatry, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 4 June 2015 / Revised: 21 July 2015 / Accepted: 5 August 2015 / Published: 13 August 2015
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Abstract

Background and Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess a relationship between readiness to quit and post-stroke smoking behavior. Methods: Eighty-six active smokers with first-ever ischemic stroke were recruited in a tertiary-care stroke unit. The question “Are you ready to quit smoking within the next month?” with yes/no responses and the 10-cm readiness visual analog scale (VAS) was administered during the anti-smoking intervention. Smoking status was verified at the 3- and 12-month follow-up. Results: The readiness VAS score at hospitalization was significantly lower in patients classified as smokers as compared to patients classified as non-smokers. The readiness score <5 cm was a significant predictor of smoking at the 3-month (OR, 7.3) and 12-month follow-up (OR, 4.9). Conclusions: The present results suggest that the readiness VAS can be used as a simple and inexpensive instrument for early identification of patients who continue to smoke after stroke. View Full-Text
Keywords: cigarette smoking; ischemic stroke; secondary prevention; readiness to quit; visual analog scale cigarette smoking; ischemic stroke; secondary prevention; readiness to quit; visual analog scale
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Bienkowski, P.; Zatorski, P.; Glebicka, A.; Scinska, A.; Kurkowska-Jastrzebska, I.; Restel, M.; Samochowiec, J.; Ryglewicz, D.; Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, H. Readiness Visual Analog Scale: A Simple Way to Predict Post-Stroke Smoking Behavior. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 9536-9541.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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