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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 8871-8882; doi:10.3390/ijerph120808871

Infection Control Programs and Antibiotic Control Programs to Limit Transmission of Multi-Drug Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infections: Evolution of Old Problems and New Challenges for Institutes

1
The Infectious Disease Research Center, 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, Taiwan
2
Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, Taiwan
3
Epidemiology and Biostatics Center, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, Taiwan
4
Department of Pharmacy, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nan-Hsiao Street, Changhua 500, Taiwan
5
Department of Life Science, National Chung Hsing University, 250 Kuo-Kuang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 June 2015 / Revised: 21 July 2015 / Accepted: 27 July 2015 / Published: 30 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [763 KB, uploaded 30 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii complex (A. baumannii) has been isolated worldwide. The rapid spread of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii complex (MDRAB) in clinical settings has made choosing an appropriate antibiotic to treat these infections and executing contact precautions difficult for clinicians. Although controlling the transmission of MDRAB is a high priority for institutions, there is little information about MDRAB control. Therefore, this study evaluated infection control measures for A. baumannii infections, clusters and outbreaks in the literature. Methods: We performed a review of OVID Medline (from 1980 to 2015), and analyzed the literature. Results: We propose that both infection control programs and antibiotic control programs are essential for control of MDRAB. The first, effective control of MDRAB infections, requires compliance with a series of infection control methods including strict environmental cleaning, effective sterilization of reusable medical equipment, concentration on proper hand hygiene practices, and use of contact precautions, together with appropriate administrative guidance. The second strategy, effective antibiotic control programs to decrease A. baumannii, is also of paramount importance. Conclusion: We believe that both infection control programs and antibiotics stewardship programs are essential for control of MDRAB infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: infection control programs; antibiotic control programs; Acinetobacter baumannii complex; multidrug-resistant infection control programs; antibiotic control programs; Acinetobacter baumannii complex; multidrug-resistant
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, C.-H.; Lin, L.-C.; Chang, Y.-J.; Chen, Y.-M.; Chang, C.-Y.; Huang, C.-C. Infection Control Programs and Antibiotic Control Programs to Limit Transmission of Multi-Drug Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infections: Evolution of Old Problems and New Challenges for Institutes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 8871-8882.

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