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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7868-7885; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707868

Emergency Response System for Pollution Accidents in Chemical Industrial Parks, China

Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
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Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 23 May 2015 / Revised: 22 June 2015 / Accepted: 2 July 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
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Abstract

In addition to property damage and loss of lives, environment pollution, such as water pollution and air pollution caused by accidents in chemical industrial parks (CIPs) is a significant issue in China. An emergency response system (ERS) was therefore planned to properly and proactively cope with safety incidents including fire and explosions occurring in the CIPs in this study. Using a scenario analysis, the stages of emergency response were divided into three levels, after introducing the domino effect, and fundamental requirements of ERS design were confirmed. The framework of ERS was composed mainly of a monitoring system, an emergency command center, an action system, and a supporting system. On this basis, six main emergency rescue steps containing alarm receipt, emergency evaluation, launched corresponding emergency plans, emergency rescue actions, emergency recovery, and result evaluation and feedback were determined. Finally, an example from the XiaoHu Chemical Industrial Park (XHCIP) was presented to check on the integrality, reliability, and maneuverability of the ERS, and the result of the first emergency drill with this ERS indicated that the developed ERS can reduce delays, improve usage efficiency of resources, and raise emergency rescue efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: emergency response system; chemical industrial parks; pollution accidents; domino effects; emergency rescue emergency response system; chemical industrial parks; pollution accidents; domino effects; emergency rescue
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Duan, W.; He, B. Emergency Response System for Pollution Accidents in Chemical Industrial Parks, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7868-7885.

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