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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7491-7505; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707491

Effects of Acute Ingestion of Native Banana Starch on Glycemic Response Evaluated by Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Obese and Lean Subjects

1
Endocrinology Department, General Hospital No. 46, Mexican Institute for Social Security, Villahermosa 86060, Mexico
2
Metabolic Diseases Lab, Research Center, Academic Division of Health Sciences, Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Villahermosa 86150, Mexico
3
Academic Division of Agricultural Sciences, Juarez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Villahermosa 86280, Mexico
4
Multidisciplinary Academic Division of Comalcalco, Comalcalco 86650, Mexico
5
Scool of Medicine, Montemorelos University, Montemorelos 67530, Mexico
6
Rodolfo Nieto Padrón Children's Hospital, Secretaria de Salud, Villahermosa 86150, Mexico
7
Medical Research Unit on Metabolic Diseases, Medical Specialities Hospital, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI (CMN-SXXI), Mexican Institute for Social Security, Distrito Federal 06703, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 2 February 2015 / Published: 6 July 2015
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Abstract

An abnormal glycemic profile, including postprandial glycemia and acute glucose spikes, precedes the onset of overt diabetes in obese subjects. Previous studies have shown the beneficial effects of chronic native banana starch (NBS) supplementation. In this study, we examined the effects of acute ingestion of NBS on glycemic profiles by means of continuous glucose monitoring in obese and lean subjects. In a crossover study, obese and lean subjects consumed beverages containing either 38.3 g of NBS or 38.3 g of digestible corn starch (DCS) twice daily during 4 days. On day 5, a 3-h meal tolerance test (MTT) was performed to evaluate glucose and insulin responses. After 1 week of washout period, treatments were inverted. NBS supplementation reduced the 48-h glycemia AUC in lean, obese, and in the combined group of lean and obese subjects in comparison with DCS. Postprandial glucose and insulin responses at MTT were reduced after NBS in comparison with DCS in all groups. However, no changes were observed in glycemic variability (GV) indexes between groups. In conclusion, acute NBS supplementation improved postprandial glucose and insulin responses in obese and lean subjects during 48 h of everyday life and at MTT. Further research to elucidate the mechanism behind these changes is required. View Full-Text
Keywords: native banana starch; resistant starch; obesity; glycemic response; continuous glucose monitoring native banana starch; resistant starch; obesity; glycemic response; continuous glucose monitoring
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiménez-Domínguez, G.; Ble-Castillo, J.L.; Aparicio-Trápala, M.A.; Juárez-Rojop, I.E.; Tovilla-Zárate, C.A.; Ble-Castillo, D.J.; García-Vázquez, C.; Olvera-Hernández, V.; Pérez-Pimienta, B.; Diaz-Zagoya, J.C.; Mendez, J.D. Effects of Acute Ingestion of Native Banana Starch on Glycemic Response Evaluated by Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Obese and Lean Subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7491-7505.

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