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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7185-7198; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707185

Physical Activity and Snus: Is There a Link?

1
Department for Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 44, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, Rue du Bugnon 46, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Addiction Suisse, Av. Louis-Ruchonnet 14, 1003 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 11 March 2015 / Revised: 30 May 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 25 June 2015
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Abstract

The study aimed at assessing the link between physical activity (PA), sports activity and snus use among young men in Switzerland. Data from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) were used to measure PA with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and sports activity with a single item. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to measure the association between snus use, PA and sports activity. Similar models were run for smoking and snuff use. Snus use increased in a dose-response association with PA (high level: OR = 1.72; 95% CI 1.16–2.55) and with individuals exercising once a week or more often (OR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.26–2.16; p < 0.001) or almost every day (OR = 2.27; 95% CI 1.72–3.01; p < 0.001) in separate models. Entered simultaneously, only sports and exercise maintained a basically unchanged significant dose-response relationship, whereas PA became non-significant. A non-significant dose-response relation was found for cigarette smoking and snuff use, indicating that the association with sport is specific to snus and not to tobacco use in general or smokeless tobacco in particular. This study showed that the association between snus use and sports is not specific to Nordic countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: smokeless tobacco; youth tobacco use; education—youth prevention smokeless tobacco; youth tobacco use; education—youth prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Henninger, S.; Fischer, R.; Cornuz, J.; Studer, J.; Gmel, G. Physical Activity and Snus: Is There a Link? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7185-7198.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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