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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6801-6817; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606801

Extent, Nature, and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence in Public Tertiary Hospitals in China: A Cross-Sectional Survey

1
Department of Health Policy and Hospital Management, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
2
Institute of Quantitative &Technical Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Science, 5 Jian Guo Men Nei Road, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100000, China
3
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
4
Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
5
Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, 246 Xuefu Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
6
Heilongjiang Nursing College, 209 Xuefu Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
7
Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China
8
School of Public Health, Jiamusi University, Jiamusi 154007, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 27 April 2015 / Revised: 1 June 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
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Abstract

Using a cross-sectional survey design from 11 public tertiary hospitals (a specialist hospital, four Chinese medicine hospitals, and six general hospitals) in the urban areas of Heilongjiang, we determined the nature of workplace violence that medical staff have encountered in Chinese hospitals and identified factors associated with those experiences of violence. A total of 1129 health workers participated. The specialist hospital had the highest prevalence of physical violence (35.4%), while the general hospitals had the highest prevalence of non-physical violence (76%). Inexperienced medical staff (p < 0.001) were more likely to suffer non-physical violence than physical violence in Chinese medicine hospitals compared to experienced staff. Medical units (p = 0.001) had a high risk of non-physical violence, while surgical units (p = 0.005) had a high risk of physical violence. In general hospitals, staff with higher levels of anxiety about workplace violence were more vulnerable to both physical violence (1.67, 95% CI 1.36–2.10) and non-physical violence (1.309, 95% CI 1.136–1.508) compared to those with lower levels of anxiety, while rotating shift workers had a higher odds of physical violence (2.2, 95% CI 1.21–4.17) and non-physical violence (1.65, 95% CI 1.13–2.41) compared to fixed day shift workers. Thus, prevention should focus not only on high-risk sections of hospitals, but also on the nature of the hospital itself. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese medicine hospitals; general hospitals; specialist hospitals; workplace violence; risk factor Chinese medicine hospitals; general hospitals; specialist hospitals; workplace violence; risk factor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, H.; Zhao, S.; Jiao, M.; Wang, J.; Peters, D.H.; Qiao, H.; Zhao, Y.; Li, Y.; Song, L.; Xing, K.; Lu, Y.; Wu, Q. Extent, Nature, and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence in Public Tertiary Hospitals in China: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6801-6817.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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