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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6016-6026; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606016

Review of HIV Testing Efforts in Historically Black Churches

1
School of Public Health, University of Memphis, 209 Robison Hall, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
2
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 N. Wolfe Street, E4614 Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 20 April 2015 / Revised: 25 May 2015 / Accepted: 25 May 2015 / Published: 28 May 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [676 KB, uploaded 28 May 2015]

Abstract

This paper aims to critically assess the state of HIV testing in African American churches. A comprehensive review of peer-reviewed publications on HIV testing in church-based settings was conducted by two independent coders. Twenty-six papers published between 1991 and 2015, representing 24 unique projects, were identified addressing at least one dimension of HIV testing. Thirteen faith-based projects have implemented HIV testing events or had clergy promote the importance of testing and knowing one’s HIV status, but empirical data and rigorous study designs were limited. Only eight papers reported onsite HIV testing in churches. Less than 5% of the studies reported the percentage of congregants who returned for their test results. Finally, no study has examined at baseline or post-intervention behavioral intentions to be screened for HIV. Future research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of HIV testing in churches and to explore the possibilities of the role of the church and leadership structure in the promotion of HIV treatment and care. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV testing; church; religion; Black; African American HIV testing; church; religion; Black; African American
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pichon, L.C.; Powell, T.W. Review of HIV Testing Efforts in Historically Black Churches. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6016-6026.

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