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Correction published on 7 August 2015, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(8), 9264.

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 4670-4696; doi:10.3390/ijerph120504670

Dermal Exposure Assessment to Pesticides in Farming Systems in Developing Countries: Comparison of Models

1
Centro de Investigaciones de Ingenierias "Alberto Magno" (CIIAM); Universidad Santo Tomas Seccional Tunja; Sede Campus: Av. Universitaria Calle 48, No. 1-235 Este, 15001 Tunja, Boyaca, Colombia
2
Department of Geography, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Luisenstrasse 37, D-80333 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 17 December 2014 / Revised: 5 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 April 2015 / Published: 29 April 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [791 KB, uploaded 29 April 2015]   |  

Abstract

In the field of occupational hygiene, researchers have been working on developing appropriate methods to estimate human exposure to pesticides in order to assess the risk and therefore to take the due decisions to improve the pesticide management process and reduce the health risks. This paper evaluates dermal exposure models to find the most appropriate. Eight models (i.e., COSHH, DERM, DREAM, EASE, PHED, RISKOFDERM, STOFFENMANAGER and PFAM) were evaluated according to a multi-criteria analysis and from these results five models (i.e., DERM, DREAM, PHED, RISKOFDERM and PFAM) were selected for the assessment of dermal exposure in the case study of the potato farming system in the Andean highlands of Vereda La Hoya, Colombia. The results show that the models provide different dermal exposure estimations which are not comparable. However, because of the simplicity of the algorithm and the specificity of the determinants, the DERM, DREAM and PFAM models were found to be the most appropriate although their estimations might be more accurate if specific determinants are included for the case studies in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: dermal exposure assessment; modelling; pesticides; farming systems; potato crops; developing countries; Colombia dermal exposure assessment; modelling; pesticides; farming systems; potato crops; developing countries; Colombia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fabian, C.L.; Binder, C.R. Dermal Exposure Assessment to Pesticides in Farming Systems in Developing Countries: Comparison of Models. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4670-4696.

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