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Open AccessCommunication
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 4247-4255; doi:10.3390/ijerph120404247

Elucidation of a Physiological Adjustment Effect in a Forest Environment: A Pilot Study

Center for Environment, Health and Field Sciences, Chiba University, Kashiwa-no-ha 6-2-1, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-0882, Japan
Current Address: Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 30 January 2015 / Revised: 25 March 2015 / Accepted: 13 April 2015 / Published: 17 April 2015
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Abstract

There is a significant positive relationship between exposure to forest environments and physical and mental health. However, there are individual differences within these responses, and this phenomenon has posed questions in various fields. Here, we show that the physiological effect of a forest environment can differ depending on a subject’s initial values and that forests have a physiological adjustment effect close to an appropriate level. Subjects with high initial blood pressure and pulse rate showed a decrease in these values after walking in a forested area, whereas those with low initial values showed an increase. There was no physiological adjustment effect observed in an urban area; thus, these effects are specific to a forest environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: individual difference; initial value; walking; blood pressure; pulse rate; urban environment individual difference; initial value; walking; blood pressure; pulse rate; urban environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, C.; Ikei, H.; Miyazaki, Y. Elucidation of a Physiological Adjustment Effect in a Forest Environment: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 4247-4255.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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