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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(4), 3835-3846; doi:10.3390/ijerph120403835

The Influence of Climacteric Symptoms on Women’s Lives and Activities

1
Independent Obstetric Skills Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lublin, 4 Staszica St., 20-081 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Pathology of Pregnancy, John Paul II Independent Public Regional Hospital, 10 Aleje Jana Pawła II St., 22-400 Zamość, Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 3 February 2015 / Revised: 12 March 2015 / Accepted: 25 March 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
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Abstract

In the present study, we performed an analysis of the influence of climacteric symptoms on women’s lives and activities, i.e. their quality of life (QoL). The study was performed between October 2011 and February 2012. It included 148 women aged 44–62. The study used a diagnostic survey with questionnaires. The research instrument was the Blatt-Kupperman index. The respondents were asked to complete a questionnaire on socio-demographic data, quality of life, and the influence of climacteric symptoms on life and its various aspects. The respondents experiencing moderate or severe climacteric symptoms also had stronger feelings of failure (p = 0.005), feeling that opportunities are still available (p = 0.002), of losing their youth and beauty (p < 0.0001), compared to those who had slight or no symptoms. The intensity of climacteric symptoms significantly affects women’s lives and activities, i.e., their QoL. The reported intensity of climacteric symptoms is influenced by the respondents’ education, residence, marital status and professional activity. The more severe the climacteric symptoms, the lower the women’s quality of life, as evidenced for example by the feeling of failure and of losing one’s youth, beauty and opportunities. View Full-Text
Keywords: climacteric; quality of life; life experiences; women climacteric; quality of life; life experiences; women
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bień, A.; Rzońca, E.; Iwanowicz-Palus, G.; Pańczyk-Szeptuch, M. The Influence of Climacteric Symptoms on Women’s Lives and Activities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 3835-3846.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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