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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 2037-2053; doi:10.3390/ijerph120202037

Drinking Patterns and the Association between Socio-Demographic Factors and Adolescents’ Alcohol Use in Three Metropolises in China

1
National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050, China
2
Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Changning District, Shanghai 200336, China
3
Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Baiyun District, Guangzhou 510440, China
4
Beijing Chaoyang District Center for Disease and Prevention, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 19 December 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 28 January 2015 / Published: 12 February 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [345 KB, uploaded 12 February 2015]

Abstract

The current study was designed to investigate the drinking patterns and association between socio-demographic factors and adolescents’ alcohol use among high school students from China’s three metropolises, Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 13,811 high school students from 136 schools between May and June 2013. A two-stage stratified sampling method was used for subject selection. The prevalence of lifetime drinking was 52.5%; in addition, 38.5% of the students were past-year drinkers, while 20.1% of them had consumed alcohol in the past 30 days. During the past year, 29.7% of the students reported that they drank once per month or less, and 22.0% of the students drank less than one standard drink (SD) per occasion. For the students who were not living with their mothers, as well as the students in higher socioeconomic status (SES), the adjusted odds of past and current drinking were significantly higher, compared with those who lived with both parents and low SES. Due to the high prevalence of alcohol consumption among junior and senior high school students in metropolises, attention should be paid by parents, school administrators, educational and public health agencies for making efforts collectively to reduce alcohol availability and drinking among adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; alcohol use; drinking pattern; socio-demographic factors adolescent; alcohol use; drinking pattern; socio-demographic factors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, S.; Du, S.; Hu, X.; Zou, S.; Liu, W.; Ba, L.; Ma, G. Drinking Patterns and the Association between Socio-Demographic Factors and Adolescents’ Alcohol Use in Three Metropolises in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2037-2053.

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