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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(2), 1412-1424; doi:10.3390/ijerph120201412

Correlation between Family Environment and Suicidal Ideation in University Students in China

1
Department of Medical Psychology, Public Health Institute of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
2
Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China
3
Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 30 September 2014 / Revised: 30 December 2014 / Accepted: 15 January 2015 / Published: 27 January 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [691 KB, uploaded 27 January 2015]

Abstract

Background: This study investigated the association between suicidal ideation and family environment. The sample included 5183 Chinese university students. A number of studies on suicidal ideation have focused on individuals rather than families. This paper reviews the general principles of suicidal ideation and the consequences resulting from the family environment. Methods: This study used six different colleges as the dataset, which included 2645 males and 2538 females. Students were questioned with respect to social demographics and suicidal ideation factors. The data were analyzed with factor and logistic analyses to determine the association between suicidal ideation and poor family environment. Results: The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 9.2% (476/5183). Most participants with suicidal ideation had significant similarities: they had poor family structures and relationships, their parents had unstable work, and their parents used improper parenting styles. Female students were more likely to have suicidal thoughts than male students. Conclusions: This study shows that suicidal ideation is a public health issue among Chinese university students and demonstrates the importance of considering the family environment when examining university students’ suicidal ideation. Understanding family-related suicidal ideation risk factors can help to predict and prevent suicides among university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; university students; family environment; suicidal ideation China; university students; family environment; suicidal ideation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhai, H.; Bai, B.; Chen, L.; Han, D.; Wang, L.; Qiao, Z.; Qiu, X.; Yang, X.; Yang, Y. Correlation between Family Environment and Suicidal Ideation in University Students in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 1412-1424.

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