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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 16019-16026; doi:10.3390/ijerph121215039

Electronic Cigarette Trial and Use among Young Adults: Reasons for Trial and Cessation of Vaping

1
Center for Survey Research, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125, USA
2
Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
3
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Coral Gartner
Received: 2 October 2015 / Revised: 30 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 December 2015 / Published: 17 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [192 KB, uploaded 17 December 2015]

Abstract

This paper identifies predictors of trial and current use, and reasons for trying and ceasing use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among young adults, with particular attention to former and never smokers. Data are from a mail survey of a population-based sample of adults aged 18 to 35 (N = 4740) in three U.S. metropolitan areas. Survey items assessed trial and use of e-cigarettes, cigarette smoking status, and reasons for trial and for ceasing use of e-cigarettes. Almost 23% reported trial of e-cigarettes, and 8.4% reported using them in the past month. Current smokers were much more likely to have tried e-cigarettes (70.2%) than both former (32.3%) and never smokers (7.6%; p < 0.001) and to have used them in the past month (30.8%, 10.1%, 2.0% respectively; p < 0.001). Smoking status and scores on sensation seeking were significant independent predictors of both trial and current use of e-cigarettes. Never-smokers cite curiosity as the reason for trying e-cigarettes and also that their friends used them. The most frequent reason for ceasing use among never and former smokers was health concerns. For virtually none of them were e-cigarettes their first exposure to nicotine. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic cigarettes; surveillance; harm reduction electronic cigarettes; surveillance; harm reduction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Biener, L.; Song, E.; Sutfin, E.L.; Spangler, J.; Wolfson, M. Electronic Cigarette Trial and Use among Young Adults: Reasons for Trial and Cessation of Vaping. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 16019-16026.

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