Competitive Degradation of Steroid Estrogens by Potassium Permanganate Combined with Ultrasound
AbstractThe occurrence of natural estrogens including estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), and synthetic 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), which can be excreted by both humans and animals, and can enter the aqueous environment along with the discharge of domestic sewage, is a major concern since this may represent a serious health risk to humans even at extremely trace levels (ng·L−1). Simultaneous degradation of three coexisting steroid estrogens (SEs) in aqueous solutions by coupled ultrasound and KMnO4 systems (KMnO4/ultrasound) were investigated to find out whether there is a competitive degradation of multiple contaminants or not. Results indicate that the degradation ratios of target SEs were all more than 50% after 120 min reaction contact, greatly enhanced when compared with the single KMnO4 (2 mg·L−1) oxidation of E2 (37.0%), EE2 (34.4%), and E1 (34.0%), and the single sonochemical oxidation of E2 (37.1%), EE2 (31.1%), and E1 (29.7%). In the adopted processes, the degradations of SEs fit the first-order kinetic reaction, with different reaction rates. Kinetic parameters revealed there was little difference between coexisting SEs, which means there was almost no competitive degradation. The removal efficiency and degradation rate of SEs in natural water was higher than those in pure water, which suggested that the coupled KMnO4/ultrasound technology had prospective applications in the removal of complex contaminants in actual drinking water treatment. View Full-Text
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Deng, J.; Tang, K.; Zhu, S.; Ma, X.; Zhang, K.; Song, Y.; Li, X.; Li, Q.; Liu, Z.; Zhou, K. Competitive Degradation of Steroid Estrogens by Potassium Permanganate Combined with Ultrasound. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15434-15448.
Deng J, Tang K, Zhu S, Ma X, Zhang K, Song Y, Li X, Li Q, Liu Z, Zhou K. Competitive Degradation of Steroid Estrogens by Potassium Permanganate Combined with Ultrasound. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(12):15434-15448.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Jing; Tang, Kai; Zhu, Shijun; Ma, Xiaoyan; Zhang, Kejia; Song, Yali; Li, Xueyan; Li, Qingsong; Liu, Zhenhua; Zhou, Kejin. 2015. "Competitive Degradation of Steroid Estrogens by Potassium Permanganate Combined with Ultrasound." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 12: 15434-15448.