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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(12), 15129-15142; doi:10.3390/ijerph121214970

Feasibility of Measuring Tobacco Smoke Air Pollution in Homes: Report from a Pilot Study

1
Department of Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39040, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
2
Department of Statistics, Hebrew University, Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem 9190501, Israel
3
Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 27 September 2015 / Revised: 4 November 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 30 November 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1152 KB, uploaded 30 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Tobacco smoke air pollution (TSAP) measurement may persuade parents to adopt smoke-free homes and thereby reduce harm to children from tobacco smoke in the home. In a pilot study involving 29 smoking families, a Sidepak was used to continuously monitor home PM2.5 during an 8-h period, Sidepak and/or Dylos monitors provided real-time feedback, and passive nicotine monitors were used to measure home air nicotine for one week. Feedback was provided to participants in the context of motivational interviews. Home PM2.5 levels recorded by continuous monitoring were not well-accepted by participants because of the noise level. Also, graphs from continuous monitoring showed unexplained peaks, often associated with sources unrelated to indoor smoking, such as cooking, construction, or outdoor sources. This hampered delivery of a persuasive message about the relationship between home smoking and TSAP. By contrast, immediate real-time PM2.5 feedback (with Sidepak or Dylos monitor) was feasible and provided unambiguous information; the Dylos had the additional advantages of being more economical and quieter. Air nicotine sampling was complicated by the time-lag for feedback and questions regarding shelf-life. Improvement in the science of TSAP measurement in the home environment is needed to encourage and help maintain smoke-free homes and protect vulnerable children. Recent advances in the use of mobile devices for real-time feedback are promising and warrant further development, as do accurate methods for real-time air nicotine air monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: children’s health; environmental exposure; tobacco smoke exposure (TSE); secondhand smoke (SHS); air quality (AQ); environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); respirable suspended particles (RSP); particulate matter (PM); environmental monitoring; smoke-free homes children’s health; environmental exposure; tobacco smoke exposure (TSE); secondhand smoke (SHS); air quality (AQ); environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); respirable suspended particles (RSP); particulate matter (PM); environmental monitoring; smoke-free homes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rosen, L.; Zucker, D.; Hovell, M.; Brown, N.; Ram, A.; Myers, V. Feasibility of Measuring Tobacco Smoke Air Pollution in Homes: Report from a Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 15129-15142.

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