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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14589-14609; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114589

Method for Assessing the Integrated Risk of Soil Pollution in Industrial and Mining Gathering Areas

1
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
2
Department of Soil Pollution and Control, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 5 October 2015 / Revised: 2 November 2015 / Accepted: 11 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
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Abstract

Industrial and mining activities are recognized as major sources of soil pollution. This study proposes an index system for evaluating the inherent risk level of polluting factories and introduces an integrated risk assessment method based on human health risk. As a case study, the health risk, polluting factories and integrated risks were analyzed in a typical industrial and mining gathering area in China, namely, Binhai New Area. The spatial distribution of the risk level was determined using a Geographic Information System. The results confirmed the following: (1) Human health risk in the study area is moderate to extreme, with heavy metals posing the greatest threat; (2) Polluting factories pose a moderate to extreme inherent risk in the study area. Such factories are concentrated in industrial and urban areas, but are irregularly distributed and also occupy agricultural land, showing a lack of proper planning and management; (3) The integrated risks of soil are moderate to high in the study area. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial and mining gathering areas; soil environmental risk assessment; polluting factory; inherent risk level assessment; integrated risk analysis industrial and mining gathering areas; soil environmental risk assessment; polluting factory; inherent risk level assessment; integrated risk analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guan, Y.; Shao, C.; Gu, Q.; Ju, M.; Zhang, Q. Method for Assessing the Integrated Risk of Soil Pollution in Industrial and Mining Gathering Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14589-14609.

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