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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(11), 14312-14326; doi:10.3390/ijerph121114312

Kinetics and Mechanisms of Phosphorus Adsorption in Soils from Diverse Ecological Zones in the Source Area of a Drinking-Water Reservoir

1
Institute of Geodesy and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430077, China
2
Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 6 September 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 10 November 2015
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Abstract

On-site soils are increasingly used in the treatment and restoration of ecosystems to harmonize with the local landscape and minimize costs. Eight natural soils from diverse ecological zones in the source area of a drinking-water reservoir in central China are used as adsorbents for the uptake of phosphorus from aqueous solutions. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometric and BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) tests and the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectral analyses are carried out to investigate the soils’ chemical properties and their potential changes with adsorbed phosphorous from aqueous solutions. The intra-particle diffusion, pseudo-first-order, and pseudo-second-order kinetic models describe the adsorption kinetic processes. Our results indicate that the adsorption processes of phosphorus in soils occurred in three stages and that the rate-controlling steps are not solely dependent on intra-particle diffusion. A quantitative comparison of two kinetics models based on their linear and non-linear representations, and using the chi-square (χ2) test and the coefficient of determination (r2), indicates that the adsorptive properties of the soils are best described by the non-linear pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption characteristics of aqueous phosphorous are determined along with the essential kinetic parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: phosphate; Danjiangkou reservoir; south-to-north water transfer projects (SNWTP); rate-controlling step; pseudo-second-order model; non-linear regression analysis phosphate; Danjiangkou reservoir; south-to-north water transfer projects (SNWTP); rate-controlling step; pseudo-second-order model; non-linear regression analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, L.; Loáiciga, H.A.; Xu, M.; Du, C.; Du, Y. Kinetics and Mechanisms of Phosphorus Adsorption in Soils from Diverse Ecological Zones in the Source Area of a Drinking-Water Reservoir. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14312-14326.

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