Carotenoid Content in Organically Produced Wheat: Relevance for Human Nutritional Health on Consumption
AbstractIn this study, 33 spring and winter wheat genotypes were analyzed for carotenoid content and composition. Investigated genotypes were divided into four genotype groups i.e., spelt, landraces, old cultivars and primitive wheat. The results showed a high level of variation among the genotypes in amount of carotenoids in the grain with high values (around 4 mg/Kg) especially in one of the genotypes—Öland 8. Lutein was the most common carotenoid in all the investigated genotypes, contributing 70%–90% of the carotenoids in the grain. Variation in carotenoid content and composition was found not only among genotypes, but also between genotype groups and wheat type, although there is a need to analyze more genotypes to confirm the differences found between groups and types. This study showed that 40% of the daily requirements of lutein can be achieved from the genotypes with the highest lutein content (Öland 8) produced using organic farming through the average human consumption of 200 grams of wheat per day. Furthermore, this study showed, by the use of principal component analyses, an opportunity to select genotypes combining high values of certain nutritional compounds. By a further breeding and commercial production of such genotypes, the nutritional value of wheat flour for human consumption can be improved. View Full-Text
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Hussain, A.; Larsson, H.; Kuktaite, R.; Olsson, M.E.; Johansson, E. Carotenoid Content in Organically Produced Wheat: Relevance for Human Nutritional Health on Consumption. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 14068-14083.
Hussain A, Larsson H, Kuktaite R, Olsson ME, Johansson E. Carotenoid Content in Organically Produced Wheat: Relevance for Human Nutritional Health on Consumption. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(11):14068-14083.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hussain, Abrar; Larsson, Hans; Kuktaite, Ramune; Olsson, Marie E.; Johansson, Eva. 2015. "Carotenoid Content in Organically Produced Wheat: Relevance for Human Nutritional Health on Consumption." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 11: 14068-14083.