Understanding Walking Behavior among University Students Using Theory of Planned Behavior
AbstractWalking has been shown to improve physical and mental well-being, yet insufficient walking among university students has been increasingly reported. This study aimed to understand walking behavior of university students using theory of planned behavior (TPB). We recruited 169 undergraduate students by university mass email of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and first administered a salient belief elicitation survey, which was used to design the TPB questionnaire, to a subset of the study sample. Secondly, all participants completed the TPB questionnaire and walking-oriented diary in a two-day period in December 2012. We mapped the walking behavior data obtained from the diary using geographic information system, and examined the extent to which TPB constructs explained walking intentions and walking behavior using Structural equation model (SEM). We found perceived behavioral control to be the key determinant of walking intention. Shaped by participants’ perceived behavioral control, attitude toward walking and subjective norms, and behavioral intention, in turn had a moderate explanatory effect on their walking behavior. In summary, our findings suggest that walking behavior among university students can be understood within the TPB framework, and could inform walking promotion interventions on the university campuses. View Full-Text
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Sun, G.; Acheampong, R.A.; Lin, H.; Pun, V.C. Understanding Walking Behavior among University Students Using Theory of Planned Behavior. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13794-13806.
Sun G, Acheampong RA, Lin H, Pun VC. Understanding Walking Behavior among University Students Using Theory of Planned Behavior. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(11):13794-13806.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sun, Guibo; Acheampong, Ransford A.; Lin, Hui; Pun, Vivian C. 2015. "Understanding Walking Behavior among University Students Using Theory of Planned Behavior." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 11: 13794-13806.