Next Article in Journal
Indoor Heating Drives Water Bacterial Growth and Community Metabolic Profile Changes in Building Tap Pipes during the Winter Season
Next Article in Special Issue
Assessing the Acceptability and Usability of an Internet-Based Intelligent Health Assistant Developed for Use among Turkish Migrants: Results of a Study Conducted in Bremen, Germany
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Membrane Ultrafiltration and Residual Chlorination as a Decentralized Water Treatment Strategy for Ten Rural Healthcare Facilities in Rwanda
Previous Article in Special Issue
Return Migration among Elderly, Chronically Ill Bosnian Refugees: Does Health Matter?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 13624-13648; doi:10.3390/ijerph121013624

Immigrant Mental Health, A Public Health Issue: Looking Back and Moving Forward

1
Faculty of Community Services, Ryerson University, 99 Gerrard Street East, SHE-690; 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
2
Community Studies, Sheridan College, 7899 McLaughlin Road, Brampton, ON L6Y 5H9, Canada
3
School of Nursing; Ryerson University, Faculty of Community Services; 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sloane Burke Winkelman
Received: 22 July 2015 / Revised: 24 September 2015 / Accepted: 20 October 2015 / Published: 27 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [259 KB, uploaded 28 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s (MHCC) strategy calls for promoting the health and wellbeing of all Canadians and to improve mental health outcomes. Each year, one in every five Canadians experiences one or more mental health problems, creating a significant cost to the health system. Mental health is pivotal to holistic health and wellbeing. This paper presents the key findings of a comprehensive literature review of Canadian research on the relationship between settlement experiences and the mental health and well-being of immigrants and refugees. A scoping review was conducted following a framework provided by Arskey and O’Malley (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8:19–32, 2005). Over two decades of relevant literature on immigrants’ health in Canada was searched. These included English language peer-reviewed publications from relevant online databases Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Healthstar, ERIC and CINAHL between 1990 and 2015. The findings revealed three important ways in which settlement affects the mental health of immigrants and refugees: through acculturation related stressors, economic uncertainty and ethnic discrimination. The recommendations for public health practice and policy are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: immigrants; settlement; mental health; public health; Canada immigrants; settlement; mental health; public health; Canada
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

George, U.; Thomson, M.S.; Chaze, F.; Guruge, S. Immigrant Mental Health, A Public Health Issue: Looking Back and Moving Forward. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13624-13648.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top