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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 13131-13147; doi:10.3390/ijerph121013131

Modeling Occurrence of Urban Mosquitos Based on Land Use Types and Meteorological Factors in Korea

Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
Department of Biology, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
Freshwater Bioresources Research Division, Nakdonggang National Institute of Biological Resources, Sangju, Gyeongsanbuk-do 37242, Korea
College of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
Yeongdeungpo-gu Health Center, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 07260, Korea
WISE Institute, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul 02450, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Congdon
Received: 26 August 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 October 2015 / Published: 20 October 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1243 KB, uploaded 20 October 2015]   |  


Mosquitoes are a public health concern because they are vectors of pathogen, which cause human-related diseases. It is well known that the occurrence of mosquitoes is highly influenced by meteorological conditions (e.g., temperature and precipitation) and land use, but there are insufficient studies quantifying their impacts. Therefore, three analytical methods were applied to determine the relationships between urban mosquito occurrence, land use type, and meteorological factors: cluster analysis based on land use types; principal component analysis (PCA) based on mosquito occurrence; and three prediction models, support vector machine (SVM), classification and regression tree (CART), and random forest (RF). We used mosquito data collected at 12 sites from 2011 to 2012. Mosquito abundance was highest from August to September in both years. The monitoring sites were differentiated into three clusters based on differences in land use type such as culture and sport areas, inland water, artificial grasslands, and traffic areas. These clusters were well reflected in PCA ordinations, indicating that mosquito occurrence was highly influenced by land use types. Lastly, the RF represented the highest predictive power for mosquito occurrence and temperature-related factors were the most influential. Our study will contribute to effective control and management of mosquito occurrences. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban mosquito; land use type; meteorological factor; random forest urban mosquito; land use type; meteorological factor; random forest

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kwon, Y.-S.; Bae, M.-J.; Chung, N.; Lee, Y.-R.; Hwang, S.; Kim, S.-A.; Choi, Y.J.; Park, Y.-S. Modeling Occurrence of Urban Mosquitos Based on Land Use Types and Meteorological Factors in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13131-13147.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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