Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8193-8212; doi:10.3390/ijerph110808193
Review

E-Health Interventions for Suicide Prevention

1,†,* email, 2,†email and 3,†email
Received: 16 June 2014; in revised form: 30 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 12 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health Care)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Many people at risk of suicide do not seek help before an attempt, and do not remain connected to health services following an attempt. E-health interventions are now being considered as a means to identify at-risk individuals, offer self-help through web interventions or to deliver proactive interventions in response to individuals’ posts on social media. In this article, we examine research studies which focus on these three aspects of suicide and the internet: the use of online screening for suicide, the effectiveness of e-health interventions aimed to manage suicidal thoughts, and newer studies which aim to proactively intervene when individuals at risk of suicide are identified by their social media postings. We conclude that online screening may have a role, although there is a need for additional robust controlled research to establish whether suicide screening can effectively reduce suicide-related outcomes, and in what settings online screening might be most effective. The effectiveness of Internet interventions may be increased if these interventions are designed to specifically target suicidal thoughts, rather than associated conditions such as depression. The evidence for the use of intervention practices using social media is possible, although validity, feasibility and implementation remains highly uncertain.
Keywords: internet; suicide prevention; e-health; social media; screening
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [689 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 14 August 2014 13:31 CEST]
The original version is still available [252 KB, uploaded 12 August 2014 14:38 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Christensen, H.; Batterham, P.J.; O'Dea, B. E-Health Interventions for Suicide Prevention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8193-8212.

AMA Style

Christensen H, Batterham PJ, O'Dea B. E-Health Interventions for Suicide Prevention. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(8):8193-8212.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Christensen, Helen; Batterham, Philip J.; O'Dea, Bridianne. 2014. "E-Health Interventions for Suicide Prevention." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 8: 8193-8212.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert