Abstract: Background: The understanding of the complex relationship between the home environment, well-being and daily functioning in the third age is currently weak. The aim of this paper is to present the methodological background of the Home and Health in the Third Age Study, and describe a sample of men and women in relation to their home and health situation. Methods and Design: The study sample included 371 people aged 67–70, living in ordinary housing in the south of Sweden. Structured interviews and observations were conducted to collect data about objective and perceived aspects of home and health. Results: The majority of the participants were in good health and had few functional limitations. Women had more functional limitations and reported more symptoms than men. Environmental barriers were found in every home investigated; the most were found in the kitchen and hygiene area. Environmental barriers were more common in multi-family than in one-family dwellings. Discussion: This study will increase our knowledge on home and health dynamics among people in the third age. The results have potential to contribute to societal planning related to housing provision, home care and social services for senior citizens.
Keywords: activities of daily living; aging; housing; P-E fit; younger old
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Kylén, M.; Ekström, H.; Haak, M.; Elmståhl, S.; Iwarsson, S. Home and Health in the Third Age — Methodological Background and Descriptive Findings. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7060-7080.
Kylén M, Ekström H, Haak M, Elmståhl S, Iwarsson S. Home and Health in the Third Age — Methodological Background and Descriptive Findings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(7):7060-7080.
Kylén, Maya; Ekström, Henrik; Haak, Maria; Elmståhl, Sölve; Iwarsson, Susanne. 2014. "Home and Health in the Third Age — Methodological Background and Descriptive Findings." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 7: 7060-7080.