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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 2804-2817; doi:10.3390/ijerph110302804
Article

Health-Related Quality of Life and Utility Scores in People with Mental Disorders: A Comparison with the Non-Mentally Ill General Population

1,2,3,4,* , 1,5
, 6
, 1,2,3,4,7
 and 1,2,3,4,7
1 AP-HP, URC Eco Ile-de-France, 1, Place du Parvis Notre Dame, Paris F-75004, France 2 University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, ECEVE, UMRS 1123, 10 avenue de Verdun, Paris F-75010, France 3 Inserm, ECEVE, U1123, 10 avenue de Verdun, Paris F-75010, France 4 Fondation FondaMental, French National Science Foundation, 40 rue de Mesly, Créteil F-94000, France 5 University Paris Est, Faculty of Medicine, IFR10, 8, rue du Général Sarrail, Créteil F-94000, France 6 Centre Hospitalier Départemental Georges Daumézon, 1 route de Chanteau, Fleury-les-Aubrais F-45400, France 7 AP-HP, Henri Mondor University Hospitals, Department of Public Health, 51 avenue du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, Créteil F-94000, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 January 2014 / Revised: 20 February 2014 / Accepted: 25 February 2014 / Published: 7 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health Care)
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Abstract

There is a lack of comparable health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and utility data across all mental disorders and all inpatient and outpatient settings. Our objective was to investigate the HRQoL and utility scores of people with mental disorders in France, treated in outpatient and inpatient settings, and to identify the HRQoL and utility score losses attributable to mental disorders compared to the non-mentally ill general population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess HRQoL (SF-12) and utility scores of patients with mental disorders and followed in four psychiatric sectors in France. Scores were described by demographic and clinical characteristics and were then adjusted on age and gender and compared with those of the non-mentally ill general population. Median HRQoL and utility scores were significantly lower in patients with mental disorders than in the non-mentally ill general population; median differences amounted to 5.4 for the HRQoL physical score, to 11.8 for the HRQoL mental score and to 0.125 for the utility score. Our findings underscore the negative impact of mental disorders on HRQoL in France and provide a baseline to assess the global impact of current and future organizational changes in the mental health care system.
Keywords: mental disorders; health-related quality of life; utility scores; general population mental disorders; health-related quality of life; utility scores; general population
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Prigent, A.; Auraaen, A.; Kamendje-Tchokobou, B.; Durand-Zaleski, I.; Chevreul, K. Health-Related Quality of Life and Utility Scores in People with Mental Disorders: A Comparison with the Non-Mentally Ill General Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2804-2817.

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