Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 2713-2728; doi:10.3390/ijerph110302713
Article

Using the Immunization Information System to Determine Vaccination Coverage Rates among Children Aged 1–7 Years: A Report from Zhejiang Province, China

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Received: 2 January 2014; in revised form: 20 February 2014 / Accepted: 21 February 2014 / Published: 5 March 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Background: The Zhejiang Immunization Information System (ZJIIS) was established in 2004. This study described the coverage rates of NIP vaccines in Zhejiang Province using the ZJIIS. Methods: Children aged 1–7 years (born from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2011) registered in ZJIIS were enrolled in this study. All immunization records were obtained from the ZJIIS on 31 December 2012. The cohort method had been used for identifying trends and patterns in vaccine administration. Immunization coverage estimates were analyzed for both individual NIP vaccines and “Fully immunized” by age group, birth cohort, immigration status, and geography area. We also examined the timeliness vaccination for the 2010 birth cohort. Results: A total of 3,579,896 children were registered in ZJIIS. All the vaccines and doses which scheduled to be given at ≤12 months of age exceeded 90%. There was substantial decrease trend in the vaccines scheduled at >12 months of age and most of these vaccines were below 90%. The coverage of migrant children was lower than for resident children and the coverage of WenZhou (WZ), Zhoushan (ZS) and TaiZhou (TZ) was lower than other municipalities for most of vaccines across all the birth cohorts. Nearly 20%–30% of children of 2010 birth cohort delayed for the primary series vaccination scheduled at ≤12 months of age, especially among migrant children. Conclusions: The ZJIIS is useful in tracking vaccine coverage of children aged 1–7 years and the data provided by ZJIIS reflected the fact that NIP delivery was improving in Zhejiang Province, while identifying some areas for improvement. We recommend continuing surveillance to estimate of vaccine coverage through ZJIIS. Immunization strategies such as Assessment, Feedback, Incentives, and Exchange program, reminder/recall activity, home visits, school entry requirements and school-based clinics could be used to reach a higher coverage of the population.
Keywords: national immunization program; immunization information system; coverage; birth cohort; migrant; timeliness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Q.; Hu, Y.; Zhong, Y.; Chen, Y.; Tang, X.; Guo, J.; Shen, L. Using the Immunization Information System to Determine Vaccination Coverage Rates among Children Aged 1–7 Years: A Report from Zhejiang Province, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2713-2728.

AMA Style

Li Q, Hu Y, Zhong Y, Chen Y, Tang X, Guo J, Shen L. Using the Immunization Information System to Determine Vaccination Coverage Rates among Children Aged 1–7 Years: A Report from Zhejiang Province, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):2713-2728.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Qian; Hu, Yu; Zhong, Yanpeng; Chen, Yaping; Tang, Xuewen; Guo, Jing; Shen, Lingzhi. 2014. "Using the Immunization Information System to Determine Vaccination Coverage Rates among Children Aged 1–7 Years: A Report from Zhejiang Province, China." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 2713-2728.

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