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A correction was published on 5 June 2014, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(6), 5970-5974.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 2395-2406; doi:10.3390/ijerph110302395
Article

Life Gain in Italian Smokers Who Quit

1,2,†
, 3,†
, 4,†,* , 1,2,†
, 4,†
, 4,†
 and 2,5,†
Received: 8 January 2014; in revised form: 13 February 2014 / Accepted: 13 February 2014 / Published: 26 February 2014
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Abstract: This study aims to estimate the number of life years gained with quitting smoking in Italian smokers of both sexes, by number of cigarettes smoked per day (cig/day) and age at cessation. All-cause mortality tables by age, sex and smoking status were computed, based on Italian smoking data, and the survival curves of former and current smokers were compared. The more cig/day a man/woman smokes, and the younger his/her age of quitting smoking, the more years of life he/she gains with cessation. In fact, cessation at age 30, 40, 50, or 60 years gained, respectively, about 7, 7, 6, or 5, and 5, 5, 4, or 3 years of life, respectively, for men and women that smoked 10–19 cig/day. The gain in life years was higher for heavy smokers (9 years for >20 cig/day) and lower for light smokers (4 years for 1–9 cig/day). Consistently with prospective studies conducted worldwide, quitting smoking increases life expectancy regardless of age, gender and number of cig/day. The estimates of the number of years of life that could be gained by quitting smoking, when computed specifically for a single smoker, could be used by physicians and health professionals to promote a quit attempt.
Keywords: smoking cessation; Italy; survival smoking cessation; Italy; survival
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Carrozzi, L.; Falcone, F.; Carreras, G.; Pistelli, F.; Gorini, G.; Martini, A.; Viegi, G. Life Gain in Italian Smokers Who Quit. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2395-2406.

AMA Style

Carrozzi L, Falcone F, Carreras G, Pistelli F, Gorini G, Martini A, Viegi G. Life Gain in Italian Smokers Who Quit. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):2395-2406.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carrozzi, Laura; Falcone, Franco; Carreras, Giulia; Pistelli, Francesco; Gorini, Giuseppe; Martini, Andrea; Viegi, Giovanni. 2014. "Life Gain in Italian Smokers Who Quit." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 2395-2406.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert