Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 2193-2208; doi:10.3390/ijerph110202193
Article

Risk Factors of CVD Mortality among the Elderly in Beijing, 1992 – 2009: An 18-year Cohort Study

1,2,†email, 1,2,3,†email, 4,†email, 5email, 1,2email, 1,2email, 6email, 4email, 1,2email, 7email, 8,* email and 1,2,* email
Received: 11 November 2013; in revised form: 14 January 2014 / Accepted: 21 January 2014 / Published: 21 February 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Few researchers have examined the effects of multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality simultaneously. This study was to determine the associations of combined lifestyle and other factors with CVD mortality among the elderly (n = 3,257), in Beijing, China, through data mining of the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA). BLSA is a representative cohort study from 1992 to 2009, hosted by Xuan Wu Hospital. Competing risk survival analysis was conducted to explore the association between risk factors and CVD mortality. The factors focused mainly on lifestyle, physical condition, and the model was adjusted for age and gender. There were 273 of the 1,068 recorded deaths caused by CVD among the 2010 participants. Living in a suburban area (HR = 0.614, 95% CI: 0.410-0.921) was associated with lower CVD mortality. Increasing age (66–75: HR = 1.511, 95% CI: 1.111–2.055; ≥76: HR = 1.847, 95% CI: 1.256–2.717), high blood pressure (HR = 1.407, 95% CI: 1.031–1.920), frequent consumption of meat (HR = 1.559, 95% CI: 1.079–2.254) and physical inactivity (p = 0.046) were associated with higher CVD mortality. The study provides an instructional foundation for the control and prevention of CVD in Beijing, China.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; competing risk model; Fine and Gray’s test; risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, T.; Li, X.; Tang, Z.; Xie, C.; Tao, L.; Pan, L.; Huo, D.; Sun, F.; Luo, Y.; Wang, W.; Yan, A.; Guo, X. Risk Factors of CVD Mortality among the Elderly in Beijing, 1992 – 2009: An 18-year Cohort Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2193-2208.

AMA Style

Zhou T, Li X, Tang Z, Xie C, Tao L, Pan L, Huo D, Sun F, Luo Y, Wang W, Yan A, Guo X. Risk Factors of CVD Mortality among the Elderly in Beijing, 1992 – 2009: An 18-year Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):2193-2208.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Tao; Li, Xia; Tang, Zhe; Xie, Changchun; Tao, Lixin; Pan, Lei; Huo, Da; Sun, Fei; Luo, Yanxia; Wang, Wei; Yan, Aoshuang; Guo, Xiuhua. 2014. "Risk Factors of CVD Mortality among the Elderly in Beijing, 1992 – 2009: An 18-year Cohort Study." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 2193-2208.


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