Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 1904-1913; doi:10.3390/ijerph110201904
Article

Effects of Dietary Selenium on Histopathological Changes and T Cells of Spleen in Broilers Exposed to Aflatoxin B1

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Received: 17 December 2013; in revised form: 16 January 2014 / Accepted: 26 January 2014 / Published: 10 February 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), which causes hepatocellular carcinoma and immune-suppression, is commonly found in feedstuffs. To evaluate the ability of selenium (Se) to counteract the deleterious effects of AFB1, two hundred 1-day-old male avian broilers, divided into five groups, were fed with basal diet (control group), 0.3 mg/kg AFB1 (AFB1 group), 0.3 mg/kg AFB1+0.2 mg/kg Se (+Se group I), 0.3 mg/kg AFB1+0.4 mg/kg Se (+Se group II) and 0.3 mg/kg AFB1+0.6 mg/kg Se (+Se group III), respectively. Compared with control group, the relative weight of spleen in the AFB1 group was decreased at 21 days of age. The relative weight of spleen in the three +Se groups was higher than that in the AFB1 group. By pathological observation, the major spleen lesions included congestion in red pulp and vacuoles appeared in the lymphatic nodules and periarterial lymphatic sheath in the AFB1 group. In +Se groups II and III, the incidence of major splenic lesions was decreased. The percentages of CD3+, CD3+CD4+ and CD3+CD8+ T cells in the AFB1 group were lower than those in control group from 7 to 21 days of age, while there was a marked increase in the three +Se groups compared to the AFB1 group. The results indicated that sodium selenite could improve the cellular immune function impaired by AFB1 through increasing the relative weight of spleen and percentages of splenic T cell subsets, and alleviating histopathological spleen damage.
Keywords: sodium selenite; aflatoxin b1; histological lesion; T-cell subsets; flow cytometry; broilers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, K.; Peng, X.; Fang, J.; Cui, H.; Zuo, Z.; Deng, J.; Chen, Z.; Geng, Y.; Lai, W.; Tang, L.; Yang, Q. Effects of Dietary Selenium on Histopathological Changes and T Cells of Spleen in Broilers Exposed to Aflatoxin B1. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1904-1913.

AMA Style

Chen K, Peng X, Fang J, Cui H, Zuo Z, Deng J, Chen Z, Geng Y, Lai W, Tang L, Yang Q. Effects of Dietary Selenium on Histopathological Changes and T Cells of Spleen in Broilers Exposed to Aflatoxin B1. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):1904-1913.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Kejie; Peng, Xi; Fang, Jing; Cui, Hengmin; Zuo, Zhicai; Deng, Junliang; Chen, Zhengli; Geng, Yi; Lai, Weimin; Tang, Li; Yang, Qingqiu. 2014. "Effects of Dietary Selenium on Histopathological Changes and T Cells of Spleen in Broilers Exposed to Aflatoxin B1." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 1904-1913.

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