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Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2013; in revised form: 21 January 2014 / Accepted: 23 January 2014 / Published: 30 January 2014
Abstract: Since the twentieth century, China has been facing various kinds of environmental problems. It is necessary to evaluate and analyze the ecological status of the environment over China, which is of great importance for environmental protection measures. In this article, an Eco-environmental Quality Index (EQI) model is established using national remote sensing land-use data, NDVI data from MODIS and other statistical data. The model is used to evaluate the ecological status over China during 2005, 2008 and 2010, and spatial and temporal variations in EQI are analyzed during the period 2005–2010. We also discuss important factors affecting ecological quality, with special emphasis on meteorological conditions (including rainfall and sunshine duration) and anthropogenic factors (including normalized population and gross domestic product densities). The results show that, EQIs in northwestern China are generally lower than those in the southeast of the country, presenting a ladder-like distribution. There is significant correlation between EQI, rainfall and sunshine duration. Population density and GDP also have some relation to EQI. On the whole, the environmental quality results showed little variation during 2005–2010, with national average EQIs of 54.86, 55.07 and 54.43 in 2005, 2008 and 2010, respectively. During 2005–2010, differences in EQI were observed at the local level, but those at the provincial level were small.
Keywords: ecological quality of environment; remote sensing and GIS; Eco-environmental Quality Index (EQI); ecological environmental change
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Wang, S.-X.; Yao, Y.; Zhou, Y. Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1673-1693.
Wang S-X, Yao Y, Zhou Y. Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):1673-1693.
Wang, Shi-Xin; Yao, Yao; Zhou, Yi. 2014. "Analysis of Ecological Quality of the Environment and Influencing Factors in China during 2005–2010." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 1673-1693.