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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(2), 1594-1604; doi:10.3390/ijerph110201594
Article

Reliability, Validity, and Significance of Assessment of Sense of Contribution in the Workplace

1,* , 2
 and 2
Received: 10 October 2013; in revised form: 17 January 2014 / Accepted: 24 January 2014 / Published: 29 January 2014
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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Sense of Contribution Scale (SCS), a newly developed, 7-item questionnaire used to measure sense of contribution in the workplace. Workers at 272 organizations answered questionnaires that included the SCS. Because of non-participation or missing data, the number of subjects included in the analyses for internal consistency and validity varied from 1,675 to 2,462 (response rates 54.6%–80.2%). Fifty-four workers were included in the analysis of test–retest reliability (response rate, 77.1%). The SCS showed high internal consistency (Cronbach’s α coefficients in men and women were 0.85 and 0.86, respectively) and test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.91). Significant (p < 0.001), positive, moderate correlations were found between the SCS score and scores for organization-based self-esteem and work engagement in both genders, which support the SCS’s convergent and discriminant validity. The criterion validity of the SCS was supported by the finding that in both genders, the SCS scores were significantly (p < 0.05) and inversely associated with psychological distress and sleep disturbance in crude and in multivariable analyses that adjusted for demographics, organization-based self-esteem, work engagement, effort–reward ratio, workplace bullying, and procedural and interactional justice. The SCS is a psychometrically satisfactory measure of sense of contribution in the workplace. The SCS provides a new and useful instrument to measure sense of contribution, which is independently associated with mental health in workers, for studies in organizational science, occupational health psychology and occupational medicine.
Keywords: psychological distress; reliability; scale development; sense of contribution; sleep disturbance; validity psychological distress; reliability; scale development; sense of contribution; sleep disturbance; validity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Takaki, J.; Taniguchi, T.; Fujii, Y. Reliability, Validity, and Significance of Assessment of Sense of Contribution in the Workplace. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 1594-1604.

AMA Style

Takaki J, Taniguchi T, Fujii Y. Reliability, Validity, and Significance of Assessment of Sense of Contribution in the Workplace. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(2):1594-1604.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Takaki, Jiro; Taniguchi, Toshiyo; Fujii, Yasuhito. 2014. "Reliability, Validity, and Significance of Assessment of Sense of Contribution in the Workplace." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 2: 1594-1604.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert