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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12652-12667; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212652

The Association between Road Traffic Noise Exposure, Annoyance and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL)

1
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstr. 57, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
2
University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
3
Krebsliga Schweiz, 3001 Bern, Switzerland
4
Federal Office for the Environment, 3003 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 May 2014 / Revised: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 28 November 2014 / Published: 5 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sound and Health related Quality of Life)
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between road traffic noise exposure, annoyance caused by different noise sources and validated health indicators in a cohort of 1375 adults from the region of Basel, Switzerland. Road traffic noise exposure for each study participant was determined using modelling, and annoyance from various noise sources was inquired by means of a four-point Likert scale. Regression parameters from multivariable regression models for the von Zerssen score of somatic symptoms (point symptom score increase per annoyance category) showed strongest associations with annoyance from industry noise (2.36, 95% CI: 1.54, 3.17), neighbour noise (1.62, 95% CI: 1.17, 2.06) and road traffic noise (1.53, 95% CI: 1.09, 1.96). Increase in modelled noise exposure by 10 dB(A) resulted in a von Zerssen symptom score increase of 0.47 (95% CI: −0.01, 0.95) units. Subsequent structural equation modelling revealed that the association between physical noise exposure and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is strongly mediated by annoyance and sleep disturbance. This study elucidates the complex interplay of different factors for the association between physical noise exposure and HRQOL. View Full-Text
Keywords: noise; exposure; annoyance; health indicators; von Zerssen; SF-36; quality of life noise; exposure; annoyance; health indicators; von Zerssen; SF-36; quality of life
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Héritier, H.; Vienneau, D.; Frei, P.; Eze, I.C.; Brink, M.; Probst-Hensch, N.; Röösli, M. The Association between Road Traffic Noise Exposure, Annoyance and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12652-12667.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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