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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12412-12428; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212412

Autonomous Motivation Is Not Enough: The Role of Compensatory Health Beliefs for the Readiness to Change Stair and Elevator Use

Department of Psychology, Applied Social Psychology, University of Zurich, Binzm├╝hlestr.14/Box 14, 8050 Zurich, Switzerland
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Received: 8 September 2014 / Revised: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 25 November 2014 / Published: 28 November 2014
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Abstract

Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs) are beliefs that an unhealthy behavior can be compensated with a healthy behavior. In line with the CHBs model, the aim of this study was twofold. First, the study investigated the relationship between autonomous motivation and CHBs that physical inactivity can be compensated by taking the stairs instead of the elevator. Second, the study focused on the associations between CHBs and readiness to use the stairs more often and stair and elevator use. Thus, a cross-sectional online questionnaire was designed that was filled out by 135 participants. Path analysis showed that individuals with stronger autonomous motivation to use the stairs strongly agreed that sedentary behavior could be compensated by taking the stairs instead of the elevator. Moreover, CHBs were positively related to readiness to change behavior, but not to self-reported stair and elevator use. Even though future research is necessary to replicate these findings, autonomous motivation seems to have a positive impact on CHBs which, in turn, might boost an intended behavior change. Thus, promoting possible compensation of physical inactivity might foster the readiness to change the unhealthy behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous motivation; compensatory health beliefs; behavior change; readiness to change behavior; stair use; elevator use; physical activity; workplace autonomous motivation; compensatory health beliefs; behavior change; readiness to change behavior; stair use; elevator use; physical activity; workplace
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Radtke, T.; Rackow, P. Autonomous Motivation Is Not Enough: The Role of Compensatory Health Beliefs for the Readiness to Change Stair and Elevator Use. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12412-12428.

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