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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(12), 12312-12345; doi:10.3390/ijerph111212312

Wellbeing Impacts of City Policies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

1
School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, University Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 1SS, UK
2
WHO Regional Office for Europe, European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn office, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, 53113 Bonn, Germany
3
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstr. 57, Basel 4051, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2014 / Revised: 11 November 2014 / Accepted: 12 November 2014 / Published: 28 November 2014
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Abstract

To mitigate climate change, city authorities are developing policies in areas such as transportation, housing and energy use, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to their effects on greenhouse gas emissions, these policies are likely to have consequences for the wellbeing of their populations for example through changes in opportunities to take physical exercise. In order to explore the potential consequences for wellbeing, we first explore what ‘wellbeing’ is and how it can be operationalised for urban planners. In this paper, we illustrate how wellbeing can be divided into objective and subjective aspects which can be measured quantitatively; our review of measures informs the development of a theoretical model linking wellbeing to policies which cities use to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, we discuss the extent to which the links proposed in the conceptual model are supported by the literature and how cities can assess wellbeing implications of policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; greenhouse gas emissions; cities; wellbeing climate change; greenhouse gas emissions; cities; wellbeing
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hiscock, R.; Mudu, P.; Braubach, M.; Martuzzi, M.; Perez, L.; Sabel, C. Wellbeing Impacts of City Policies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 12312-12345.

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